Wednesday, April 1, 2015

Who took my community chest?

(No joke. @midnight is teh funniest game on TV. Catch it Mon-Thurs. on Comedy Central.)

(Before we start, we're doing to do something we've done before, and that is to "Spot The Mistake" since today is April Fools' Day as of this writing. Here's your assignment. Spot what mistakes I put in by going to our group FB Page or the comments section of my blog. Got that? Then let's get to it.)
VO: This is GSN The Know. The most depressed and unheard of blog in southeast Asia. Now, from teh basement of Shira Lazar's house, here is the man about Star Wars & Disney, Pierre Jason Kelly!

Me: And I'm here. Welcome. Let's start with....

The Finish Line.

In 1991, the guys behind "Fun House" came up with an idea about shopping. Inspired by going to local malls in California, the show happened to end up on the Lifetime channel next to Supermarket Sweep. That show: Shop 'Til You Drop.

This week, it aired on GSN at 9 CDT and many of you while I was in my cubicle asked me why is it a classic? Well.....

We are in an age of why every 90's program is classic on cable. It's been 24 years since it first went on the air and teh Pat Finn version is what every fan envisions of. Needless to say, the 1997 version is now airing, but the PAX version killed a whole lot of people. The reason why its a classic is because of knowlegde of pop culture & shopping, plus how the bonus round works that way. So with Shop being a classic, will SuperMarket Sweep be here soon before you know it?
Hang on, because after this, we look at GSN in Spring. That's on the way, but first....
(song fades out)

Are you tired of going out to the same restaurant thinking to yourself...

"Jeez, I need a restaurant that's family-friendly?"

Well, I have the thing for you.

Introducing "Paula's Place."

"Wait, what's Paula's Place?"

I'm glad you asked. Named after the actress who played Wendy Darling in "The New Adventures of Peter & Wendy," this place is geek-centered and Disney-conscious......oh, and she's the owner, too.


Yes, but only if you know the password to her manager's door.

"Oh man...well, what about the food?"

Well, there's pizzas, burgers, chilli dogs, french fries, all American. They're all served by your waiter or waitress or "Soda-Tender," while ordering the food on your custom-made tablet. Plus, shakes & malts, too. And drink specials 1/2 off during "Slap Hapy Hour" from 2-5 CDT. And there's no alcohol! None whatsoever!

"Awesome! That's my Place! Anything else?"

Yes. In addition to hearing 90's music everyday, TVs show GSN and only GSN. Period. That is unless WWE Wrestlemania, The World Series, The NBA Finals, The Stanley Cup finals, The Superbowl or Miss America is on. And don't ask them to change it! The remotes are stashed away until further notice. Oh, and you get you watch the classics during breakfast hours M-F from 7-9 AM.

"Oh Cool! That's where I wanna go. What about nightly entertainment?"

Yes, there is....nightly entertainment. Monday is Musical chairs night where 1/4 of the place is cleared to have up to 10 people compete for prizes. Tuesday is Bingo night with Katrina Coleman, Wednesday is "Idiotest Night" where we'd cut off the music & hear the sound of the TVs when "Idiotest" is on, and win prizes during commercials by answering 1st-3rd grade questions. Thursday is trivia night with gift cards from 1st-3rd, Friday & Saturday is Karaoke night with parody queen Christa Nannos and all Sunday, well.......Hokey Pokey Day!

"But It's illegal to do that..."

Not with Paula's Place they don't. Every hour, on the hour when you hear this sound....

All the staff & customers will perform the hokey-pokey, and the music will also play the Ray Anthony version to accompany it.


Plus, all your favorite Konami arcade classics ranging from X-Men to The Simpsons, a League of Legends are for you to get your game on and complimentary Mounds candy bars to take home. So what are you waiting for?

"I'm Waiting for a bus to Catch!"

No, you're going to Paula's Place. Open 7-3 M-F and 8-3 weekends. At the right end of the Bill Carruthers shopping center next to Gamestop, right across the street from CVS and Applebees, 5 blocks from our GTK offices, a block away from Anomaly Podcast 91.7 and 17 blocks from my manor.

(song ends)

This just in...Drew Carey is forming a Plinko League. He is the owner and has signed 4 franchises: The Chicago Cliff Hangers, The Detroit Dice Game, The Boston Bonkers and the Philadelphia Punch-A-Bunch with 6 more next season. Stay by GTK next week for more.

(song stops)

Let's look at spring on GSN. First off, we got Idiotest tonight and you have to see what puzzles Ben Gleib came up with. Next is Lie Detectors. With MOAM out last year, the new program has followed suit to the show, but this time it'll involve a studio audience. Next up, It Takes a Church. A surprise from last year, the program continues the church dating program where it left off. But there was something missing......

At first it was pre-empted this week earlier yesterday...........

and now it's gone.

Monopoly Millionaires Club is not on GSN at all. Why did they annouce this? Scritpor will put this quote in via the FB page.

Follow up: GSN statement on Facebook after someone complained that Monopoly Millionaires' Club was not airing: "We had a schedule change. We will try to get it back on the schedule soon. Thank you for reaching out." That's officially from GSN.

 Harsh. It would've been the first Monopoly game show since 1990 to air it. Why? Just Why? At least the syndication version is still there.

(song stops)

Now we move on to a segment in which we want to know what people think of GSN, what they don't like and the numbers of Os in the word "onomatopeia." It's......

Say where you should've sprayed.

We start with Cheryl Hayes.....

"GSN,just to let you know I pay extra for you but I have let my Sat. Co. know that as soon as BUZZR shows up in my area I will be dropping you,but, if you ruin the rest of the morning retro lineup like you did the weekend mornings putting on more garbage, I will be dropping you sooner. Time to get off here a great game show is on now on my "free" station-Price is Riight."

One GSN fan gone. Next is Margot Fisher.

"FYI. I tried to watch Shop Til you Drop twice now. I dropped right to sleep twice from boredom. This really replaced Sale of the Century. It is the most boring show ever....and it's stupid."

It was stupd for GSN to get it. Why did they do it? Judy Mallegol Cardana says....

"Nobody likes these brainless new shows. Bring back the $25,000 Pyramid!!"

I wish it would. Marc Goldberg has this:

"So. About Monopoly Millionaires Club??? What happened??? Early April Fools Day joke???"

No. It was because they didn't want lottery shows when they changed their mind. Here's Charlotte Box Lloyd:

"What happened to 'Lets Ask America"? I hated it being on at midnight but still stayed up to watch it. They have replaced it with that trash show Baggage which should be on at midnight, not earlier. Bring it back, plus: The American Bible Challenge, Dog Eat Dog, Minute to Win It. Less Family Fued - with GSN, TV Land, and other stations running it one could almost watch it 24 hours a day."

LAA is out and yes, I'm hoping for...lesser Feud. On to Wanda Logan Howard:

"Can't believe you replaced Dick Clark's Pyrimid in the mornings with a SECOND broadcast of Catch 21.... Alfonso what's his name is NOT worthy of replacing the Iconic Dick Clark! Reruns...I don't care! He belongs on GSN every single day as a reminder to watchers of what a class act is like! Also, I hate the Chase....I don't like rudeness at any level and he, whatever his name is, is the height of rudeness and conceit, NOT cute or witty by any degree! tongue emoticon"

Well, I like Chase, but Pyramid will one day return. You can believe that. Todd Lebaron has this....

"Sure do miss shows like the original Hollywood Squares, Concentration, Password, and as much as I love Steve Harvey's sense of humor, we REALLY miss the older shows with folks like Richard dawson and Ray Combs...even games like Lingo are nowhere to be found any longer. Seen the Steve Harvey Feud episodes so many times now that we can guess the answers before they're given by the families. It's getting to be like watching USA, who had so much variety years ago and now it's prctically all NCIS and Law & Order. Hasve the budgets shrtunk that much at the basic cable channels? Most of the shows we loved on TV Land have vanished too..."

Yikes. It seems we're in an era of modern stuff and anything after 1990 is okay. How about one more from Shane Schrader:

"Seriously, why did you take off the $25,000 Pyramid with Dick Clark? That was one of my favorite game shows to watch. Your channel just keeps getting worse!!! It's about time you listen to your viewers and stop with all the crappy reality game shows and the OVERKILL of Family Feud and bring back the classics!! You just lost a viewer. I'm be so glad when the new game channel premieres this year with the classics!!! ADIOS sucky GSN!!!"

Adios indeed.

(song stops)

Now to the 2nd bathroom break presented by Here now is The NBA D-league Tabernacle Choir.

Now to the 3rd trimester.

Time once again for.....


And at #13, we go to school.....

With Marc Summers. When we first saw "Wintuition," we had to answer qusetions in every grade from every aspect of school. All we did was beat 2 other opponents in a shot at $50,000 for tuition money. Most of the time, players went for themselves rather than for someone else. Why? They needed money to go to school, hence the title. But with this 1-season wonder, Wintuition graduates at....

A baker's dozen.

That's it. Today's blog is presented by Adopt A classic. Tired of watching the same old boring show. Try Adopt A classic. FOr just $5/month, you can pick your favorites from the B&E, Goodson-Todman, Bob Stewart or Merv Griffin library. Once it's there, it'll be on your obsolete VHS device. Cancel it at anytime. For more info, check your GSN FB page and tell them which classic you need to adopt.

Don't forget to email me at,, Pierre Jason Kelly on FB and @Johnny_Arcade on twitter, my state ID number and my library card number. Until then, play on Siberia.

Saturday, March 28, 2015

Sneaky Peeky

On The next GSN The Know...

-Is Shop considered a classic?
-Our look at what's on this spring.
-We continue with the countdown...
-And our April Fools' tradition returns.

GSN The Know. See what the nation's talking about.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Overtime #18: One & that's it?

VO: This is Overtime. More about the network you know & trust. Here now Pierre Kelly.

Me: How you is? Welcome to Overtime. All about GSN in s snap judgement. With the NCAA tourney already in, we continue the celebration of GSN being 20 Y/O with these 5 specials.

5. Game Show Flashback.
With Tyelnol grabbing a sponsor, GSN was going to act like 1994.....but didn't happen. To add in the insult to injury, Ben Gleib came up with the greatest game show moments ever. That was fine, but add in comics...and it's a ripoff of cable TV programs having comics talk about nostalgia. (e.g. "I Love The..," "World's Dumbest...")

4. World Web Games
Before Criminal Case & Candy Crush Saga hit the scene, players competed in internet games where Todd Newton called the action. Yes, this was before League of Legends and Skyrim became Twitch favorites. Can we get Elspeth Eastman & Brizzy Voices to revive it, please?

3. The Line
Remember the days of elementary school when your teacher was told to line up with your classmates. That was fun. But getting in a DMV-like line in Nashville while seeing the trivia dome for a chance to nail 8 T/F statements for a cash prize? Not fun.

2. Think Like a Cat
Believe it or not, it was the only GSN program thus far to give away.....A Million dollars. Chuck Woolery presided it and had a stunt/trivia/hidden camera format. If only Alana Grelyak could watch.....

And the biggest one & done thing.....

1. Big Bucks: The Press Your Luck Scandal
Say what you will about it. What happened in 1984 became history. A long game of PYL transformed itself into one ice cream truck driver winning $100,000. Since then, it became game show lore. It almost made a movie that starred Bill Murray. Didn't know that, did you?

Done with it. I'll return next month with more.....than one thing. Play on, playas.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Going once...going it's gone?

(TGI Fridays can be a good place to not only see the NCAA tournament as its best, but other sports too. Ask your bartender today if you watch to watch Chikara.............I promise.)

VO: This is GSN The Know. The most informed and entertained blog in the United States of America. Now, from the WIlton-North building, here is the man about games, Pierre Jason Kelly.

Me: Time to put away K'Nex toys to make car chases and let's make GSN a place of distinction. Thanks for being here, let's start building what we're developing with....

The Starting Line.

Next week, things can change.

*The Newlywed Game will air weeknights at 1am and 1:30am; replacing Baggage
*Baggage will air at 3am and 3:30am; replacing Let's Ask America
*Monopoly Millionaires' Club will first air Tuesday morning at 10am. Then, the same episode will rerun later that day in primetime at 8pm with no other reruns around the schedule.
*New episodes of Idiotest air Wednesday at 8pm and 8:30pm.
*A rerun of The Chase will air Wednesday at 9pm; replacing Family Feud.
*Richard Karn Family Feud returns to the schedule Sunday afternoons from 12pm-1:30pm; replacing the Harvey version
*John O'Hurley's Family Feud will air Sunday 1:30-3pm; replacing the Harvey version
Now LAA this past week has decided to end it after 3 seasons in syndication to....some cities and GSN acquiring it was what bled it too much. However, 2 classics got the axe and the replacements were ready.....
Shop 'Til You Drop airs weekday mornings at 10am (minus Tuesday); replacing Sale of the Century
*Catch 21 will air weekday mornings (minus Tuesday) at 10:30am; replacing The $25,000 Pyramid
First, let me get this straight. $ale has been on 2 years going and we haven't got to the tail end of the syndicated run. Where was the entire NBC run? All they showed was the last 65 shows of it, but what about the rest? And Pyramid has had a storied history on the network, but how did they remove itself in the first place? The CBS version of what is history. Lookie here. It only ran back to 1986 as of this week. So why them both? Well, you got a modern show already on in the afternoons and one show that aired only the PAX version but didn't do too well? It's to entertain an audience, idiot. Classics can't kill people, ratings every single morning kills people. Seriously. Let me say it again. Ratings kills morning people. Look at what it done did to the 10 CST hour recently. That & the Tylenol fiasco. Had more people tune in to the Time Capsule deal, GSN would've been okay, but no, it was bottom of the garbage ratings, and the fact of the matter is, Steve Harvey's Family Feud is killing everybody on the network. That means everybody. I know Match Game is still there, but why did they take the 2 out? Easy answer: Modern fare. So GSN, why did you kill our beloved $ale of The Century for something else? Can't you add more classics before you make the viewers unwatchable again subtracting one hour? Oh, and the Shop is the 1997 version, so take it or leave it.
Done with the rant. Here's the Yay & Yawn of March.
The Yay: The Chase. Give the Beast spring cleaning and he'll take it.
The Yawn: $ale of The Century gone. Glad they didn't get "Temptation 2007" on there. Buzzr Tv, please appease to your fans come launch date.
After the jump, we react to teh changes. I shall return. Because I have to.
(song fades out)

(quick fade out)
It seemed that taking 2 classics off hurt the game show community. But to ease the pain, I thought I'd take in a little poem.
Hey, I just met you...
And this is crazy....
So here's my Tiny Wubble Ball....
Comment it, maybe?
First, with Shop on the way, Scott Rahner talks about why Shop bombed in teh first place.
"Shop Til You Drop started out very well in December 2013 because it was something new to the GSN audience, for the most part (or at least a show they had not seen in multiple years on television). I remember Shop getting 400K+ ratings regularly.

Then, it simply got old. I don't know why people started tuning out. One truth is, STYD launched in the winter (when people are indoors more) and as the warmer months came, viewers decided Shop was not that important to them and started enjoying better opportunities.

Besides Dee (who isn't that awful or significant to the show's entirety), STYD is really not a bad show. It's just here in 2015, it is outdated."
Maybe Shop needs a second chance. I dunno. He then goes on to say...
"Anyway, I really think the definition of "classics" is starting to change as the years go on. Think about the first six years of GSN, in the 1990's, shows like 1973-82 Match Game and Clark's $25,000 Pyramid were not considered classics.

We are getting to the age now that shows like Chain Reaction (Lane), Lingo (Woolery) and Shop 'Til You Drop are classics. All of this is in the age of very modern cable television programming, where anything before 2010 on some networks is nonexistent."
See, we get it now. Who wants Youtube? Adam Lentz has this...
"GSN should come up with a spinoff channel called GSN Classic. It will consist of 24 hour classic game shows. From like the 1950s to the 1980s, maybe the 90s. So that way, people can enjoy their classics when they want to.

I bet now by 2016, there will be only one hour of pre 1990s stuff. I'm surprised O Hurley is back on the weekends. Maybe his afternoon numbers are pretty good. But why a hour and a half? Do like a two hour block for Karn and O Hurley. Watch all the Karn haters complain that he is back on the schedule. As Taylor Swift once said, haters gonna hate hate hate.
I would have put Catch 21 at 2:30 pm instead of 10:30 am. Remember folks, when Shop comes back, I guess we'll go back to making fun of Dee being a cross dresser. With Monopoly, it looks fun, maybe. I'll still give it a try. Let's face it, GSN is going modern, so we might as well get used to it.

BTW, create a 24 hour Steve Harvey channel that is everything Steve, from his sitcom, to his talk show, and Family Feud. "
I'd nix on the Steve Harvey idea and go with GSN classic as an alternative. One poster said:
"GSN has been trying to become more hip for years now, and the whittling away at the older-skewing classics has occurred at a steady pace for about six years now. The sad truth of the matter is that the very old shows, for the most part, really don't do anything for the network's ratings. I'm thinking that the only reason that the network kept the old shows around, even in smaller amounts, was that they were probably relatively cheap to air and they probably felt obligated to keep some on hand to appease the fans of the older shows, who probably made up a majority of the viewing audience in the morning hours anyhow."
So I'm thinking GSN wants to be more grown-up, correct?
Over at Game Show Follies, dth1971 says...
"Will Match Game, Card Sharks, and Press Your Luck be next to leave GSN as they move to the new Buzzr TV digital subchannel by the end of May 2015?

I also wish GSN picked up the rights to Classic Concentration with Alex Trebek from the 1980's (if it appoves with NBC) and/or David Ruprect's Supermarket Sweep from the 1990's and 2000's possibly as MG/CS/PYL replacements."
I hope once once Buzzr gets going, and I'll take sweep over CC. Zach Horan has this...
"Sony is now swinging the axe on Joker's Wild episodes on Youtube, as per a post at"
Say it ain't so. They're taking out the B&E shows soon? That sucks. Moving on...
We went to Game Show News FB group for their reactions. Michael Pierce started out with:
"So sad SOTC and Pyramid are gone. 9 f***ing hours of FF. And way more hours of Howie Mandell than I can stomach. Wow. So sad."
This is GSN today, people. Grady Ellis says:
"GSN is a sad reflection of what it used to be. Now it's a joke. Thank god for youtube."
Darn skippy. He also says:
I used to love GSN in it's classic era. All the shows were great, and then, it went downhill, and it's FFN now which means "Family Feud Network". I'll get on the youtube and watch Dawson instead, and Combs."
Agreed. Sean Spellman has this:
"Don't get me wrong about Steve Harvey Family Feud, but them playing the same re-runs over and over its starting to get on my nerves, I would like to see more John O'Hurley Family Feud and Richard Karn Family Feud and I don't want to forget about Dawson either, they need to cut it back to maybe about an hour a day for Steve Harvey, its already on 2 of my local channels and not to mention TV Land for god sake."
Yep, All about Harvey. How about one more? Here's David Downs.
"Do you honestly think they're going to cut their highest rated show to one hour? They'd be lost without it! They're going to run that into the ground as long as it delivers the ratings (and despite the heavy abuse, it still does, proving how dumb viewers really are). At this point, people just need to accept that GSN will never, EVER focus on anything not recent and that subchannels like Buzzr will be the only way to enjoy that very soon."
Why GSN Why?
(song stops)
Alright, no more of that stuff and let's skip to the 2nd intermission presented by IndieNation held a music compeition and one person was in the top 10 but was so close to winning it. That person: Christa Nannos. She may be a parody music queen, but did you know she has a serious original? Seriously. Here. have a listen.
Ah, thanks Christa for getting us out of that mess. Anyways, here's her website if you want to go there....
The little nut house known as facebook:
On Youtube where you watch:
Somewhere on twitter:
Or on the popluar Instagram....thing.....
And she'll thank you later. Now to the 3rd period.

Time once again for.....

Here's a question for you. What's #14?
Glad you asked. It's "That's the Question."  Based on a Dutch format, 2 players had to fill in letters to...well....fill in a question. All they did was answer questions by unscrambling words with one extra letter into the puzzle. If they knew what the question was, they had to do it and thd answer too. And it's not easy when you're playing it. The winner of that used the points to translate into seconds for a shot at $5000 in the bonus game, and Bob Goen was there to host it. No question this one's at...
So now you know. Today's blog is presented by Everything a gurl should be......sorry men.
Don't forget to email me at,, Pierre Jason Kelly on FB and @Johnny_Arcade on twitter. We'll see you later and play on, playas.


Saturday, March 21, 2015

Sneaky Peeky

On the next GSN The Know....

-2 morning classics gone? We'll give you who got cut.
-Your reactions to the new morning changes.
-And more of the GSN originals countdown.

GSN The Know. See what the nation's talking about.

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

Broken Wing & A Prayer

(March Madness is this week and you need to get to a nearby TGI Fridays for all the action to unfold as it happens.)

VO: This is GSN The Know. The most informed and entertained blog in the United States of America. Now, from the WIlton-North building, here is the man about games, Pierre Jason Kelly.

Me: Okay kids, stop looking at beauty tutorials from Bethany Mota and start knowing a lot about GSN. Everybody knows the routine. No need to have a makeup haul, because we're at....

The Starting Line.

Now it's gone as of this year. The American Bible Challenge was something during its 3-season run. GSN had a breakout hit and they found one in the Jeff Foxworthy-hosted program. It was losing steam by season 3 because of casting and now there's not another bible quiz show to be found in America. The reason was this: pairing with It Takes a Church, which ironically in its new season and The Chase & Idiotest being breakout hits as does Skin Wars. Another reason: The acquistion of Steve Harvey's Family Feud that turned the fatal fortunes of GSN around. It was a pretty fun bible quiz sprinkled in with pop culture, but this's not here. May it RIP.


(quick fade out)

Now the tears are wiped out, it's back to GSN stuff. First off.....

The Facebook Files.

Last week, we showed you the new GSN logo and ask what you guys thought of it. For that, Game Show News was the destination and Christopher Bunye kicks it off with this:

"Hate it. As a designer myself, it just looks incredibly lazy, uninspired, and does nothing to tie it to it being a Game Show Network. At the very least, it doesn't even look fun."

James Fabiano, what do you think?

"Needs to be Steve Harvey's head."


Moving on, Woodie Belk with this:

"Too generic...A 5th grader could design that logo."

But Harvey Daye Jr. fires back with:

 "No it took a Minute to Draw It! And they had to chase the smurf down when he was done with his idiotest!"

XD way to go.

(song stops)

After a blip on the GSN FB page, "Lie Detectors" with comic Rove McManus will be on April 20th. It'll be about comic making up a lie to figure out which one is true by contestants. It'll be at 6 CDT right after an hour of Harvey Feud. May try it, but we'll see.  Also, the FB & Twitter pages will be up momentarily.

What's a Rentrak?

Let me explain. It's a company that specializes in "precisely measuring movies and T.V. everywhere", according to their own website. It will track GSN VOD and contribute to ratings. No word yet on when Hilty gets a makeover.  I miss Hilty.

It's time once again for....

Carni-Poll. Where there is not an Elfquest mascot in sight. First off...

Without new episodes, will you still watch 'The Chase' Tuesday nights in reruns?

30% was tied in watching the Chase and watching "Agents Of Shield." Um, okay.....

Without new episodes, will you still watch 'Baggage On The Road' in reruns Wednesday nights?

58% say they'd rather do something else than watch it.

What has a better chance for renewal?

Idiotest got the 3/4 time over BOTR. Idiotest wins. #duh

Last question: What has the better chance for renewal?

Idiotest getting a 3/4 once again, this time over "It Takes a Church."

(song stops)

Now the 2nd intermission presented by Rosanna Pansino can whip up tasty treats with her own show, but did you know she made her first song? It's true. I got it on Valentine's Day and now I get to share it with you. Why? Because we like you so much. Here, have a peek.

And it's the 3rd period.

Time once again for.....


#15 had a showdown at the OK Corral.....

But it took it to the Sunset Strip and "Hollywood Showdown" was the program is which a duel over pop culture knowledge was waged. Your brain was your pistol, and you took on 5 of your outlaws fighting bullets with bullets for money like "Jackpot!" used to when they picked riddles once you picked a player in a 2 out of 3 dogfight. Todd Newton played U.S. Marshal for 2 seasons and was also syndicated on PAX as well. After you found the one with the "Box Office" card and shot down your opposition, you had to answer a gauntlet of 5 questions for the jackpot without one miss. Did you know Erika Landin from Big Brother 4 was a contestant on there? It's true. She was a big moneymaker. Hollywood Showdown is.....draw, pardner!
Time to ride off into the sunset. Today's blog is presented by Madison Brinkman. A single mom who tries to be like Bethany the worst kind of way. Please see her on Youtube:
She needs 3000 subs! Get on board.
Don't forget to email me at,, Pierre Jason Kelly on FB and @Johnny_Arcade on twitter. We'll see you later and play on, playas.